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Complex Systems and Society - Modeling and Simulation

AUTORI: Giulia Ajmone Marsan, Nicola Bellomo, ANDREA TOSIN

- Contents look ahead to a new approach to modelling and simulation of real-world systems​. - The book introduces models of individual behaviors in the social and economic sciences. - The book examines recently developed modelling approaches using stochastic game theory.

This work aims to foster the interdisciplinary dialogue between mathematicians and socio-economic scientists. Interaction among scholars and practitioners traditionally coming from different research areas is necessary more than ever in order to better understand many real-world problems we face today. On the one hand, mathematicians need economists and social scientists to better address the methodologies they design in a more realistic way; on the other hand, economists and social scientists need to be aware of sound mathematical modeling tools in order to understand and, ultimately, solve the complex problems they encounter in their research. With this goal in mind, this work is designed to take into account a multidisciplinary approach that will encourage the transfer of knowledge, ideas, and methodology from one discipline to the other. In particular, the work has three main themes: Demystifying and unraveling complex systems; Introducing models of individual behaviors in the social and economic sciences; Modeling socio-economic sciences as complex living systems. Specific tools examined in the work include a recently developed modeling approach using stochastic game theory within the framework of statistical mechanics and progressing up to modeling Darwinian evolution. Special attention is also devoted to social network theory as a fundamental instrument for the understanding of socio-economic systems.